Nigerian National Symbols and their Significance | Importance of National Symbols

Many may not know the various Nigerian National Symbols and what each of them stands for while you go through this write up you will be able to distinguish the meaning of each symbol in Nigeria. Therefore, it now left for you to develop yourself with new ideas about what is going on around you in knowing what it entails.

National symbol is also known as a sign of recognition which is use to show manifestation of who she is to the whole world as a national community. There are advantages of having a symbol in a state as an entity which are to unite people together by showing explicit representations of togetherness in order to aim at a giving goal. The full details of the Nigerian National Symbols are all listed below; therefore do you can read through.

Nigerian National Symbols and its importance

The following are the Nigerian National Symbols and what they indicate and symbolises;

  1. Nigerian Coat of Arm

image:Nigerian Coat of Arm

To give its own meaning there are various things found in the Nigerian coat of arm which are 2 white horses, a shield, 2 bands, an eagle and green plant at the down part of the shield.

The white horses symbolizes dignity, the black shield represent fertile soil, the eagle means strength, the bands which is like the letter Y represent river Niger and Benue, and finally the  green plant symbolizes rich soil and beauty of the land. The Nigerian Motto which is written boldly on the coat of arm is ‘’Unity and Faith’’.

 For more descriptive reference and vivid emphasis glance at the image above.

  1. Nigerian National Flag

image:Nigerian National Flag

The Nigerian National flag was for the first time raised on 1st October 1960 after it had being designed in the year 1959 by Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi who was from Ibadan the capital of oyo state, that is the western part of the country, He was a student in London. There are two colours in the Nigerian Flag which are Green and white whereby it’s vertically divided into three equal parts. The Green represents agriculture while on the other hand the white represent Peace and wealth and prosperity of a country.

Rule that Guides the National Flag

There are some rules governing the hoisting of the Nigeria flag and its maintenance which are listed below;

  • First of all, the rule is that on no account should any other flag be raised higher than the Nigerian flag. On the other hand, it must be raised at sunrise and lowered at sunset
  • Another rule is that if an important personality dies across the country, the Nigerian flag must be hung on important days or any important event and should hoisted at half-length to respect the fallen heroes.
  • Finally, if for any reason, the Nigerian flag get torn, it must be destroyed and replaced immediately.


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  1. Nigerian National anthem

The Nigerian National anthem was adopted in 1978 and composed by the then Nigerian Police Band which includes Eme Etim Akpan, John A Ilechukwu Sota Omoigui, P. O. Aderibigbe and B A Ogunnaike led by Benedict E. Odiase. The Music has two stanzas where by different words were put in place to make sure that something must be sung in the country to show respect and honour.

The anthem really gave raise the faith of Every Nigerian and also reminds us of our unity as well as common goals which must be achieved. It also talked about the aims and aspirations for the coming generation.

Here is the Nigerian National Anthem;

image:Nigerian National anthem

  1. National Pledge

In September 1976, the National pledge was written by a Nigerian Professor, by name Prof (Mrs) Felicia Adebola. The Nigerian National pledge is known to be an oath of compliance of support of the country. Most times, the National anthem is sung followed by the National pledge.

It has therefore being decree by the former president of Nigeria that all schools children should recite the national pledge every day. It is always recited on attention, moreover, it is one thing to say it and it is another thing to abide by what it says.

This is the National Pledge below;

I pledge to Nigeria my country

To be faithful loyal an honest

To serve Nigeria with all my strength

To defend her unity

And uphold her honour and glory

So help me God.

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  1. Nigerian Naira

image:Nigerian Naira

The central Bank of Nigeria is the only authorized issuer of the Naira. On different denominations of the Nigerian Naira, the pictures of heroes of the Nigerian country are inscribed. The #50 notes most especially denote unity in diversity where different major tribes are seen in it.

Furthermore, we all know that every country in the world also have their own legal tender which symbolizes their currency. For instance, USA uses Dollar, Benin republic is Franc, Ghana is cedis and Nigeria uses Naira. The naira is Nigeria’s official symbol of legal tender since 1973 so where ever you see the Naira one should know that it’ss for Nigeria. This is used in every day to day transaction, speculative reasons, and even for unforeseen circumstances within the country.


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